Midwestern collections emphasize later Mississippian cultures, including significant Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana sites such as the Big Bone Bank site.

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Northeast and Great Lakes collections are very large and include New England splint basketry, Ojibwa birchbark and beadwork items, Huron moosehair embroidery, and significant late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Iroquois material, including Niagara Falls beaded whimsies.

In addition to the Foster collection from Forts Miami and Michilimackinac dating to the 1790s, the collection includes significant early items purchased by Heye from European museums and private collectors and Joseph Keppler’s Iroquois collections.

Plateau collections, including those from Canada, include decorated clothing and accessories, baskets and cornhusk bags, and horse gear, especially from the Shoshone and Nez Perce.

The collections also include small but strong collections of Wasco/Wishram bowls and spoons of wood and horn, sally bags, and other items and strong Klikitat basketry and Yakama beadwork holdings as well as upper Thompson and Fraser River basketry and other items.

More recent Arctic arts, especially from Alaska and Nunavut, are also well represented.

Much research on the Arctic collections—mostly identified simply as Eskimo—is required to separate archaeological from ethnographic material and update cultural classifications and identifications to serve the needs of Native and non-Native researchers.Important Southwest archaeology collections include those excavated by the Hendricks-Hodge Expedition at Hawikuh, including protohistoric and early historic Zuni material, and comprehensive collections from Grand Gulch in southeast Utah made by Richard Wetherill.Other material includes Mimbres pottery and a small Chaco Canyon assemblage.Emmons (Tlingit, Tsimshian, and Tahltan), Thomas Crosby (Tsimshian), Leo Frachtenberg (Makah), T. Arctic collections range from small ivories to fur clothing and skin kayaks, although much is identified simply as “Eskimo.” Alaskan material includes the important Twitchell collection of over 300 Kuskokwim delta Yup’ik masks, clothing, and other items, as well as large collections of Aleutian baskets, tools, and hunting equipment.Other significant collections derive from the central Arctic and Greenland.The Plains collection is large, important, and includes significant early examples.