These include federal departments, agencies and Crown corporations; chartered banks; airlines; interprovincial communications and telephone companies; interprovincial transportation companies; and First Nations, among others.

The provinces and territories have similar laws about discrimination that apply in their jurisdictions.

The employer cannot refuse to hire you because of your disability if you can perform the essential functions of the job with an accommodation.

Once you have been hired and started work, your employer cannot require that you take a medical examination or ask questions about your disability unless they are related to your job and necessary for the conduct of your employer's business.

If you think you have been discriminated against in employment on the basis of disability after July 26, 1992, you should contact the U. You may have up to 300 days to file a charge if there is a State or local law that provides relief for discrimination on the basis of disability.

However, to protect your rights, it is best to contact field office, located in cities throughout the United States.

Employers are required to provide reasonable accommodation only for the physical or mental limitations of a qualified individual with a disability of which they are aware. The requires that the employer provide the accommodation unless to do so would impose an undue hardship on the operation of the employer's business. An employer cannot make up the cost of providing a reasonable accommodation by lowering your salary or paying you less than other employees in similar positions. Does an employer have to make non-work areas used by employees, such as cafeterias, lounges, or employer-provided transportation accessible to people with disabilities? If making an existing facility accessible would be an undue hardship, the employer must provide a comparable facility that will enable a person with a disability to enjoy benefits and privileges of employment similar to those enjoyed by other employees, unless to do so would be an undue hardship. If an employer has several qualified applicants for a job, is the employer required to select a qualified applicant with a disability over other applicants without a disability? It makes it unlawful to refuse to hire a qualified applicant with a disability because he is disabled or because a reasonable accommodation is required to make it possible for this person to perform essential job functions. Can an employer refuse to hire me because he believes that it would be unsafe, because of my disability, for me to work with certain machinery required to perform the essential functions of the job? The permits an employer to refuse to hire an individual if she poses a direct threat to the health or safety of herself or others.

Generally, it is the responsibility of the employee to inform the employer that an accommodation is needed. Do I have to pay for a needed reasonable accommodation? If the cost of providing the needed accommodation would be an undue hardship, the employee must be given the choice of providing the accommodation or paying for the portion of the accommodation that causes the undue hardship. Can an employer lower my salary or pay me less than other employees doing the same job because I need a reasonable accommodation? A direct threat means a significant risk of substantial harm.

Essential functions are the fundamental job duties that you must be able to perform on your own or with the help of a reasonable accommodation.

An employer cannot refuse to hire you because your disability prevents you from performing duties that are not essential to the job.

Your employer may conduct voluntary medical examinations that are part of an employee health program, and may provide medical information required by State workers' compensation laws to the agencies that administer such laws.