Soon after, turnpikes were built: the Cambridge and Concord Turnpike (today's Broadway and Concord Ave.), the Middlesex Turnpike (Hampshire St. northwest of Porter Square), and what are today's Cambridge, Main, and Harvard Streets were roads to connect various areas of Cambridge to the bridges.In addition, the town was connected to the Boston & Maine Railroad, 1852 Map of Boston area showing Cambridge and regional rail lines and highlighting the course of the Middlesex Canal.Clockwise from top left: Christ Church, University Hall at Harvard University, Ray and Maria Stata Center at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the Cambridge skyline and Charles River at night, and Cambridge City Hall Cambridge is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States, in the Boston metropolitan area.

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With a plain brick exterior, bare mint green walls, and only a handful of windows, the casual venue puts the emphasis squarely on prohibition-era beverages.

Hipsters in vintage duds vie for Although Upstairs on the Square is only a few steps above Winthrop Square, its cupcake pink walls, gold chandeliers, and endless fresh flowers transport patrons far from the college town below.

Kennedy and Winthrop Streets, then at the edge of a salt marsh and since filled.

The town included a much larger area than the present city, In 1636, the Newe College (later renamed Harvard College after benefactor John Harvard) was founded by the colony to train ministers.

Between 17, Cambridge began to grow rapidly, with the construction of the West Boston Bridge in 1792, that connected Cambridge directly to Boston, making it no longer necessary to travel eight miles (13 km) through the Boston Neck, Roxbury, and Brookline to cross the Charles River.

A second bridge, the Canal Bridge, opened in 1809 alongside the new Middlesex Canal.

Newe Towne was chosen for the site of the college by the Great and General Court (the Massachusetts legislature) primarily—according to Cotton Mather—to be near the popular and highly respected Puritan preacher Thomas Shepard.

In May 1638 Hooker and Shepard, Newtowne's ministers, and the college's first president, major benefactor, and first schoolmaster were all Cambridge alumni, as was the colony's governor John Winthrop.

Coming up from Virginia, George Washington took command of the volunteer American soldiers camped on Cambridge Common on July 3, 1775, Most of the Tory estates were confiscated after the Revolution.

On January 24, 1776, Henry Knox arrived with artillery captured from Fort Ticonderoga, which enabled Washington to drive the British army out of Boston.

The site for what would become Cambridge was chosen in December 1630, because it was located safely upriver from Boston Harbor, which made it easily defensible from attacks by enemy ships.