More than 2 million Muslims from 11,000 of whom travel from the United States.

Most international pilgrims fly into Jeddah and take a bus to Mecca.

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The crowded conditions at this site pose potential hazards; multiple deadly stampedes occurred from 1994 to 2004.

In 2004, after 251 pilgrims were killed and another 244 injured, the Saudi government replaced the round pillars with wide, elliptical columns to reduce crowd densities.

Founded December 5, 1990, the station is owned by Commercial Broadcasting Corporation.

KSEX currently broadcasts informercials in English 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. For the television station in Dallas, Texas, see KBOP-LD.

Previously performed in open air, this route is now enclosed by the Grand Mosque and can be traversed via air-conditioned tunnels, with separate sections for walkers, runners, and disabled pilgrims. Although it is not required as part of Hajj, many pilgrims extend their trips to travel to Medina.

In Medina, pilgrims visit the Mosque of the Prophet, which contains the tomb of Mohammed and is the second holiest site in Islam.Hajj culminates on the Plain of Arafat, a few miles east of Mecca, where the Prophet Muhammad delivered his final sermon.Pilgrims spend the day in supplication, praying and reading the Quran; it is the pinnacle of most pilgrims’ spiritual lives.Traditionally after Jamaraat, pilgrims sacrifice an animal to symbolize the ram that Abraham sacrificed instead of his son.More recently, pilgrims are required to purchase a “sacrifice voucher” in Mecca and have this sacrifice performed by proxy.By foot or by bus, the pilgrim then travels 8 km to the massive tent city of Mina, where most pilgrims are housed in air-conditioned tents.