The oldest copy has been scientifically dated to 125 BCE using carbon dating techniques.Since it is a copy, the original was written long before 125 BCE.Daniels prophecy recorded in chapter 9 is called the prophecy of the 70-weeks.

radiocarbon dating dead sea scrolls-23

The reliability of paleography as a dating method is thus confirmed.

By using 165 BCE as the date of authorship, any prophecy before that date would be considered to be like writing about past events.

To compare Daniel to the Quran requires that the study be limited to words claimed to be from the Archangel Gabriel.

The 9th chapter of Daniel claims to be from Gabriel, making it an ideal choice to compare to the Quran.

As we move into verifying the individual prophecies contained in the 70-weeks prophecy, we will begin to understand why conservative scholars hold to the position that Daniel was authored as early as 530 BCE. Daniels reason for praying is that another Jewish prophet, Jeremiah (refer to Jeremiah -12) had already foretold that the Jewish people would return to Jerusalem (Daniel 9:2-3).

Although modern scholars () may not agree with the conservative dating, evidence exits to support the traditional Christian view. Daniel is simply wondering when the Jewish people would be allowed to return to Jerusalem.

However, Gabriel links the Jewish people and their return to the coming of the Messiah.

Following is a quick overview of Gabriels prophecy, which centers on the coming Messiah.

For liberal scholars (), the latest data is about 165 BCE.