Access from Tomsk to the Trans-Siberian railway is available via the town of Tayga. The Tomsk Railway existed as an independent entity until 1961.

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However, the average temperature in January is between −21 °C (−6 °F) and −13 °C (9 °F).

The average temperature in July is 18.7 °C (65.7 °F).

The annual average temperature is 0.87 °C (33.57 °F).

Winters are severe and lengthy, and the lowest recorded temperature was −55 °C (−67 °F) in January 1931.

The resulting growth of the city led the Soviet government to establish the new Tomsk Oblast, with Tomsk serving as the administrative center.

which outsiders and, in particular, foreigners, could not visit.

Tomsk is divided into four city districts: Kirovsky, Leninsky, Oktyabrsky, and Sovetsky.

Tomsk has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) barely escaping a subarctic classification.

Trains link Tomsk to Anapa, Asino, Barnaul, Bely Yar, Moscow, Novokuznetsk, Novosibirsk, Sochi, and Tayga.

The main part of inner-city and suburban transportation is provided by marshrutkas (routed taxis), mainly PAZ) minibuses, which serve about forty routes.

Additionally, the city has eleven proper bus routes, eight trolleybus lines (built in 1967), and five tram lines (constructed in 1949). A large number of educational institutions in the city have contributed to making Tomsk a major center for Russia's IT industry.