These handsome coins are the first truly Jewish silver coins.

hebrew coin dating-81

From this it follows that the biblical division is based upon an ancient Canaanite tradition.

The major weight of metal mentioned in the Bible is the shekel, as its name, which means simply "weight," testifies.

The shekel, in turn, was a 50th part of the maneh, and the maneh was a 60th part of the talent. The maneh and the talent, however, were only units of account and remained so during the Second Temple period when the shekel became a coin denomination.

Scales and weights of the shekel unit have been found in excavations as have gold, silver, and bronze ingots.

The seventh weight, the kesitah (Genesis ; Joshua ; Job ), seems to be an archaic weight and the origin of its name and its metrological value are not known.

We can figure out the interrelationships of the three most important weights, the talent, shekel, and gerah.

The medium bronze has the same inscriptions, with the denomination “Reva” (Quarter) indicated; a large etrog is depicted on the obverse, and two lulav are shown on the reverse.

The largest bronze coins are inscribed “Chatzi” (Half); again the lulav and etrog are pictured on one side, with a palm tree and baskets on the reverse.

They feature an amphora (uncovered on year 2, with a pointed cover on year 3), with the date and poignant Hebrew inscription “The Deliverance of Zion.” First Revolt Prutah, Year 3 (Mesh2, 20) Finally, there are three sizes of larger bronze coins, minted in the fourth year of the revolt, presumably when the supply of silver was running low.