In this article, we will look at the meaning of "sex" and the differences between the sexes; we will also look at the meaning of "gender," "gender roles," "gender identity" and "gender expression." In general terms, "sex" refers to the biological differences between males and females, such as the genitalia and genetic differences.

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In some cases, a child is born with a mix between female and male genitalia; they are sometimes termed intersex, and the parents may decide which gender to assign to the child.

Intersex individuals account for around 1 in 1,500 births.

Although sex is often considered a black and white state of affairs, there is, in fact, a significant amount of middle ground; some believe that sex should be considered a continuum as opposed to two mutually exclusive categories.

Gender tends to denote the social and cultural role of each sex within a given society."Gender refers to the socially constructed characteristics of women and men - such as norms, roles and relationships of and between groups of women and men.

Sometimes, a person's genetically assigned sex does not line up with their gender identity.

These individuals might refer to themselves as transgender, non-binary or gender-nonconforming.

The differences between male and female sexes are anatomical and physiological; "sex" tends to relate to biological differences.

For instance, male and female genitalia, both internal and external are, of course, different; similarly, the levels and types of hormones present in male and female bodies are different.

It is genetics which defines the sex of an individual.